International human rights instruments oblige States to acknowledge and address harm caused by widespread or systematic human rights abuse – in part through provision of effective reparation. International legal instruments provide frameworks for conceiving of reparation in both monetary and non-monetary terms, for individuals and collectives. International courts – such as international human rights courts and the International Criminal Court – have created an international jurisprudence around reparation for individuals, communities, and societies recovering from large-scale human rights abuse and seeking post-conflict justice. RJI aims to interrogate international human rights and transitional justice frameworks for considering reparation as a potential form of social repair and vector for social transformation.