FAQ About Title IX
What is Title IX?
“Title IX is a law passed in 1972 that requires gender equity for boys and girls in every educational program that receives federal funding”
It applies in 10 key areas: Access to Higher Education; Career Education; Education for Pregnant and Parenting Students; Employment; Learning Environment; Math and Science; Sexual Harassment; Standardized Testing; Technology and Athletics.
What is Sexual Harassment in Education?
“It is any unwanted and unwelcomed sexual behavior that significantly interferes with a student’s access to educational opportunities.” According to the Supreme Court, education institutions have an obligation under Title IX to prevent and address harassment against students, regardless of who perpetrates it.
What are the obligations of colleges and Universities under Title IX and how are they doing?
- Define sex discrimination (including sexual violence) and publish a policy stating that the school does not discriminate on the basis of sex
- Have and distribute procedures for students to file complaints when sexual harassment, discrimination, or violence takes place
- Appoint a Title IX coordinator to oversee these activities, review complaints, and deal with patterns or systemic problems (even when there are no formal complaints) and distribute the Title IX coordinator’s name to students
- Disclose sexual assault incidents
- Under the Violence Against Women Act (2013) colleges and universities will now have to report the number of domestic violence, dating violence and stalking incidents that occur on campus every year.
- The Obama administration is investigating more than 130 higher education institutions for potential Title IX violations
What is sexual assault?
According to the U.S. Department of Justice, sexual assault is “any type of sexual contact or behaviour that occurs without the explicit consent of the recipient.”
What are the relevant statistics on Sexual Assault on Campus?
- 8 out of 10 students experience some from of harassment during their school years.
- 25% of them experience it often.
- Girls are more likely than boys to experience sexual harassment, and they are more likely to say that sexual harassment caused them not want to go to school.
- According to a recent study, 23% of female college students said they experienced some form of unwanted sexual contact – ranging from kissing to touching to rape.
- Nearly 11% of them said the unwanted contact included penetration or oral sex.
- 75% of LGBT students reported experiencing sexual harassment
- 9% of LGBT-identifying students said they experienced sexual assault involving penetration
Who are the perpetrators of sexual assault?
- According to a 2000 report, 90% of the reported cases of campus sexual assaults are committed by an acquaintance of the victim
How often is rape reported?
Less than 5 percent of rapes and attempted rapes of college stundets are reported to campus authorities or public authorities. Barriers to reporting sexual assault include inadequate university sexual assaults policies.